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Arthritis Questions

Sarah: hi, smartpak fans. SmartPaker Sarah here from the Marketing team, and I’m here with our Staff Veterinarian and Medical Director, Lydia Gray, who just celebrated her tenyear anniversary with SmartPak. DR LYDIA GRAY: I did. SARAH: But maybe even more exciting than that, we’re doing our first Ask the Vet tutorial series. DR LYDIA GRAY: So exciting.

Sarah: we’re really excited for the first tutorial in this series to be going out today, and we’re tackling Winter Horse Health questions. All the questions that we’re going to go over today and many, many others were submitted by you guys, our fabulous fanbase. And then they were voted on by you guys, as well, so we’re answering the most popular questions. DR LYDIA GRAY: Yep. SARAH: the ones that fans are the most curious about, and we’re really excited to get started,.

So i’m going to jump in with question 1, which is from tammy from missouri. DR LYDIA GRAY: Oh, here we go. SARAH: and she is wondering generally, how do you blanket correctly in the winter months and thinking about switching between light, medium, heavy weight. How do you make those choices? DR LYDIA GRAY: So, I’m going to rephrase the question.

Sarah: ok. DR LYDIA GRAY: Because when I think about blanketing, the first question that comes to my mind is Do I even need to blanket? And so the things I think about then are where do you live, so geography matters. Is your horse clipped or does he have a full coat? Is your horse healthy? Because if it’s like an older horse or a horse whose body condition.

Score is low or is thin or unhealthy for any reason, then maybe a blanket’s a really good idea. Precipitation matters. If it’s raining or it’s windy. Does the horse have access to shelter. Once I have those questions resolved, then I think about which blanket is right. And again, that depends on where you live. I know people that live in, I don’t know, Texas, Florida, California, where I wouldn’t even dream of putting a blanket on my horse, and once it’s below 70, they’ve got to, you know, put something on. And then people who.

Live in minnesota say, well, if it doesn’t get below 0, i don’t even bother. so, it kinda depends on what you and your horse are acclimated to, and my rule of thumb is, and I think you know this, you blanket versus the high temperature of the day, not the low, because horses are pretty good at fending off cold weather as long as they’re not wet, but they have to sweat and they have to dissipate heat and they can’t do that as well with clothes on. So I think of that. And I think that once you put a blanket on for the season, you kinda.

Gotta leave it on, because you’re laying that, you’re pressing that hair down and that fluff that they naturally have can’t work for them. That said, you can’t just put a blanket on and leave it on the whole winter. You gotta take it off and make sure the horse’s body condition score is fine and his skin is not having rain rot or something. There’s lots of things to think about. It sounded like an easy question when we, you know, it got voted on. Maybe that’s why it was the 1 question, but there’s lots of factors and so I’m sorry.

I can’t give a simple this temperature and this temperature and this temperature. it’s just not that simple, but hopefully that was a little bit to think about and not overwhelming. SARAH: I think it’s great. I think it’s important for people to know that there are a lot of factors that go into it. And if you guys at home want a little bit of help with combining and evaluating those factors, you can always check out the SmartPak Blanketing App. It’s a great one to kind of help you think through those things. It asks you about body condition,.

Osteoarthritis vs rheumatoid arthritis symptoms NCLEXRN Khan Academy

voiceover in talking about the different symptoms between osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis, I think my obsession with color coding will really pay off so we’ll have red for rheumatoid arthritis and green for osteoarthritis. We’ll talk about all the different symptoms.

But i want to make this a logical discussion so thinking back to the cause of these two diseases and why it is that they are different in symptoms. In rheumatoid arthritis, it’s always going to be autoimmune so the body’s attacking itself, it’s a whole body kind of process.

Whereas in osteoarthritis, we’re dealing with overuse. Usually in elderly people or people carrying extra weight weighing down their joints. Okay, first, before the differences, let’s just quickly go over the commonalities and why it’s important to distinguish them because people will come in.

Complaining of the same things. Pain, number one, their joints hurt. Both of these can be painful, they can also involve stiffness. The quality and timing with it will be different but they’ll both tell you that their joints feel stiff.

And they can’t use them well. So with that, they might avoid using their limbs, might lead to muscular weakness. Weakness, loss of function, and this weakness and loss of function and inability to do the things they like to do.

Might actually have indirect effects on their mood, for example, depression is common because both of these are chronic diseases so depression, risk for heart disease and other things from a sedentary lifestyle are all things to consider.

So the point of this is when patients come in and tell you, my joints hurt, make sure to not leave it at that and keep asking the questions to distinguish the two. The first question you might ask is, Where does it hurt, which joints? And here a very important feature that distinguishes the two.

Is gonna be the fact that in rheumatoid arthritis, we have symmetry between the left side and the right side of the body. For example, when a person with RA comes in and tells you, my shoulders hurt, it’s going to be shoulders, left and right.

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