My name is Uma Srikumaran. I’m an orthopedic surgeon with Johns Hopkins and Howard County General Hospital. I specialize in shoulder surgery. Shoulder arthritis refers to degeneration of the lining of the joint. The lining of the joint is made of smooth cartilage that can wear out over time or can be diseased by inflammatory conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis or from a traumatic condition or posttraumatic arthritis after a shoulder dislocation. The typical wear and tear arthritis is called osteoarthritis. Pain is the most common symptom of shoulder arthritis. Pain can occur throughout the.
Day and worsen with certain activities. ing and catching may also be noticed coming from the shoulder. As arthritis progresses the pain and stiffness will progress as well. Nonsurgical treatment for shoulder arthritis includes simple measures such as rest and activity modifications or avoiding activities that are painful for your shoulder. Nonsteroidal antiinflammatory medications can also be beneficial for pain relief. Other options include icing, physical therapy and cortisone injections that may also provide symptomatic relief. When nonsurgical treatments fail to provide pain relief over a period of time or the pain becomes unbearable, surgical shoulder replacement surgery is an option.
The goals of shoulder replacement surgery are pain relief as well as improved function so you may resume everyday activities. The surgery is performed under general anesthesia often with a nerve block and involves an open incision in front of your shoulder. The arthritic bone is carefully removed along with scar tissue and a metal prosthesis and a plastic component are inserted to recreate the ball and socket joint of the shoulder. Recovery after shoulder replacement surgery involves a one to two day hospital admission. After this, an outpatient physical therapy program is performed.